Top Financial Terms Traders Should Know


Learning financial and technical terms helpful in a better understanding of the market, and there’s a lesser chance for an investor to get caught off guard while investing. For drawing more such information, 

The Top Financial Terms Traders Need to Know: Understanding the terminologies is like nectar for a bumblebee before you step into the realities of financial markets. It’s a precursor which helps in understanding the meanings of different divisions of economies. The following definition will help you to be more aware and plan for a brighter future in this field. These are the essential points to help you understand.

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You need to be familiar with the top financial terms.

Asset Allocation

An investor may choose to invest their money in a place or item that is investment-worthy. This will allow them to increase their portfolio’s strength and protect their capital. In addition, planning can help you balance your investment.

Mutual funds, stock markets and cash are the primary asset classes. Bonds, bonds, cash and commodities are also important. Experts recommend that you invest a portion of your investment in each asset because each asset performs differently under different conditions and circumstances.

The forex market is volatile and has large volumes. It’s difficult to see a line where the chances of making or losing money are equal. Therefore, it is best to disburse the funds in different assets. This would reduce the risk of losing money. It can be classified in six ways.

  • Strategic Asset Allocation
  • Dynamic Asset Allocation
  • Integrated Asset Allocation
  • Allocation of Insured Assets
  • Constant-Weighting Asset Allocation
  • Allocation of tactical assets

Net Worth

It is the sum of all financial and non-financial assets after deducting all liabilities and expenses. It is simply the difference in valuation between the asset and overall commitment.

It is possible to calculate it for investors by adding all of the property, cash, land, a variety of investments in different markets, and the current rate of the vehicle, home and insurance. Next, subtract all loans, credit card liabilities, debts, mortgages and other obligations. The net worth is the remaining amount. It is useful in determining the financial health of a business or individual.

There are exactly four types of net worth.

  • Country
  • Individual
  • Company
  • Government

Although they all have different levels of responsibility, the formula for calculating their respective responsibility is the same.

Compounded Interest

As a child, people have been exposed to compound interest (CI) terms. It’s the sum of all interest on the interest that is imposed on the principal amount of money. It is the sum of money deposited, borrowed or lent from a bank or financial services providing institution.

There is a slight distinction in how compound interest is applied to a loan or savings amount. Compound interest and interest charges are often added to loans.

However, CI is applied to investment in a different manner. It applies to the deposited amount and the interest accrued over a specified period.

Umbrella Insurance

It is rare to find insurance that doesn’t bring investors much attention. This insurance provides additional or enhanced coverage for liabilities. It goes beyond life, home, auto, health, travel, pet, and other types of insurance. This insurance protects you against possible property damage and injuries to others, specifically those who are working at your home, such as nannies. You are also protected from any legal action or defamation charges.

If the misfortune happens indirectly or directly through your involvement, it can always be covered up.

It is also known as liability insurance by investors. This policy is available when all other insurance policies are exhausted.

Earnings per Share

The EPS is the calculation of the company’s profit that has been accumulated on a stock exchange. In addition, companies often publish their quarterly or annual reports to the public, detailing all profits, losses, and net income.

Calculating the stock’s net income is done by taking out a portion of the dividends, then computing the net income and then multiplying by the average number of outstanding shares.

Let’s say, for example, that a company makes $ 30 million in net income and pays $ 5 million to its stockholders as dividends. Let’s suppose that the company has 20 million shares outstanding in the first quarter and then 10 million in each subsequent quarter. This is an average of 15,000,000 shares.

This is how the calculation will look:

$ 30m-$5M =25million

$25m/$15m = $1.66 per Share

The diluted earnings per share are more complicated than it seems. Convertible securities are included in the calculation.


It is a metric that can be used to determine the company’s valuation and operating performance. It can be used as a proxy to observe cash flow. The operating costs and expenses are deducted from the revenue collected for calculation. Then, amortization and depreciation are added back.

It excludes taxes, interest expenses, and a few other non-operating costs. EBITDA refers to matters other than net income.


This is the act of balancing a portfolio that has gone sour by adding the desired amount of assets. This helps to protect an investor from unwarranted risk. Investors are protected from the dreadful consequences of being overexposed by rebalancing. Other domains are available in addition to the expertise area.

An example is that an investor might have a 40 per cent allocation for stocks, 30% for commodities, 20% for bonds, and 10% for other assets. If the commodity market performs better than the rest, the investor may invest more in it. As a result, the percentage of the instrument increases to 50%, compared to other instruments. It will also mismanage your portfolio. It can also cause perils due to its volatility. There must be balance, and rebalancing is the best way to get back to sanity.

FICO score

Fico stands for Fair Isaac Corporation. This company helps to assess credit risk for loan owners and borrowers. This score allows the user to draw a clear and logical conclusion about the credit-related risk. In addition, it ranks investors according to their ability to repay the money borrowed within the agreed time.

To assess creditworthiness, the score takes into account several factors. It examines the types of credit, credit history and payment history.

The Top Financial Terms Traders: These are the Best Words

Investor can gain a better understanding of financial and technical terms, which will help them make informed decisions and reduce the risk of being caught unawares while making investments.

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